Instruction to Authors

The title should be concise, straightforward, informative, and describe the content of the article. Titles are often used in article information retrieval systems. Therefore, avoid abbreviations and formulas whenever possible. In certain cases, the title can be written in a question sentence.

Author's name and affiliation
Please clearly indicate the given name and surname of each author and check that all names are spelled accurately. Then, indicate the author's affiliation address under the name. Indicate all affiliations in lowercase superscript letters immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliate, including the name of the country and, if available, the email address of each author. Then, add an ORCID ID, Scopus ID, or researcher ID for each author.

Corresponding author
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of peer-review and publication, as well as post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future questions about the Methodology and Materials. Make sure that the email address is provided and the contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Abstract & Keywords

Text abstract - A concise and factual abstract is required (240-250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Keywords - Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Main text (IMRaD)

Original Research Paper - The introduction of a manuscript includes a brief overview of the literature relating to the research topic. The introduction is generally written descriptively, beginning with a broad topic and slowly focusing on the work being done. An introduction usually requires several paragraphs beginning with one or two paragraphs that introduce the reader to the field of the problem under investigation in general. Then, in the next paragraph explains something more specific. The last paragraph is very important, which is what research questions will be answered by a study and how to do it, as well as the authors should provide novelty to the field of study.

Review Paper - The introduction of a review article is more concise than the original research paper. Introduction generally consists of three main paragraphs, containing:
1. Background: contains general topics, issues, or areas of concern to illustrate the context.
2. Problems studied: contains trends, new perspectives, gaps, or conflicts between findings.
3. Motivation/justification: contains the author's reason for reviewing the literature.

Original Research Paper - The research method contains a direct description of the methods used in a study. The method contains the statement of the materials used in the study, the main procedures, the techniques used in the data retrieval, and the analysis techniques. If the research uses a particular experimental design, the method part also includes the design/setup of the research. Similarly, for literature research, theoretical or modelling components are also clearly contained in this section.

Review Paper - The material and methods section contains for example information on data sources, data search strategies, selection criteria of articles included in the review, the amount of research included, and the methods or statistics for its analysis. The PRISMA method is highly recommended to make a systematic review. The researcher must ensure that the data source is clearly identified and valid. 

Result and discussion
Original Research Paper -The results present data analysis to the reader. This section of the discussion contains interpretations of research results to give meaning to the reader or provide guidance for further research. All figures and tables need further explanation to reveal the truth.

Review paper - The structure of the main part of a review article needs to be a coherent topic arrangement. The main sections are generally divided into sub-sections, such as methodological approaches, models or theories, chronological order, to the geographical location of the reviewed study. Each paragraph consists of one idea, one aspect, or one topic. In the review article, one paragraph refers to several studies so that the citation per paragraph more. Each paragraph links the findings of the studies discussed with the research questions listed in the introduction. This link creates the article coherence thread that is being created. Preferably, include a table from the results of the studies. By linking one study to another, a comparison of the findings will be obtained as a material for discussion. This body text section generally consists of 70-90% of the entire article, excluding identity and reference. As an important note, the author must ensure that the review of the article is written based on the idea, not based on the literature. 

The conclusion contains a summary of the research findings. Then, followed by the main points of the discussion. A general conclusion ends with a statement about how the research work contributes to the field of study as a whole. The conclusions in the review article differ slightly from the conclusions of the original research paper. The conclusions generally contain the implications of the findings, the interpretation by the authors, and the identification of unresolved recital questions. A good conclusion is also characterized by the presence of limitations and recommendations for future studies.

This section contains a statement of funding sources for the research work. This section also contains gratitude to those who contributed to the research and preparation of the manuscripts (in an academic context).

This section lists all the references cited in the text. 

Presenting a Figure/ Illustration
The figure is worth a thousand words. Therefore, in addition to the table, figures are the most efficient way to present the results of research. Figures must be presented with high quality/sharpness. The use of graphics/curve fitting software and its analysis is highly recommended for making graphics that can be displayed with good quality and clarity.  

Figure captions
Ensure that each figure has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.


Use the International Units system. You can find it here or here

Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

References style
Mudra Jurnal Seni Budaya using APA style. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.

Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service. 

Manuscript/paper template
Manuscript/paper template of original research paper & case study
English version

Manuscript/template of a review paper
English version