Policy of Ethics
Kalangwan has to ensure that all published works within the journal follow ethical principles on academic publishing. It is therefore essential to set an ethical standard for all stakeholders to create a conducive environment and to avoid problems that may arise due to a certain conflict of interest. This document presents the policy of Kalangwan on the respective publication ethics as guidance for all stakeholders of the journal.
Responsibilities of authors
Authors are obliged to follow in peer review process set by Kalangwan. Authors are responsible to provide original and accurate data (no plagiarism, no fraudulent data) concerning the manuscript submitted, and to provide the data when they are requested. The submitted manuscript should not be under consideration or accepted for publication elsewhere. Where parts of the data have been published elsewhere, the sources have to be acknowledged or cited accordingly. When reproducing data from other sources, proper citation and permission are required. Any potential conflict of interest has to be declared including any financial, personal, or other relationships with other people or organizations related to their work that could affect their work. All sources of financial supports for the research project and study sponsor(s) (if any) along with their role in the research or study, should be disclosed in the Acknowledgement. Authors are requested to be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
Responsibilities of reviewers
Reviewers are requested to assist in improving the quality of the manuscript through an objective review process within a scheduled period of time, and to contribute to the decision-making process on the manuscript. If reviewers find any published or submitted content similar to that under review, the editor has to be informed. Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Any confidentiality of information supplied by the editor or author should be maintained.
Responsibilities of editors
Editors have the complete responsibility and authority to accept or reject an article. They should have no conflict of interest with regard to articles they accept or reject. Editors should be objective and fair when conducting their duties without making any discrimination on gender, ethnic, religion, political view or geographical origin of the authors. Editors should also accept manuscripts on the basis of academic merit and without commercial influence.
Publishing ethics issues
Authors, reviewers and editors should maintain the integrity of the academic record during the whole process of publication. Business needs should be precluded from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.
Authors could refer to International Standards for Editors and Authors (https://publicationethics.org/resources/international-standards-for-editors-and-authors) by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) for policies that are not stated in this instructions.