The Impact of Music in Increasing Intelligence: A "Gendhing Lancaran" Experiment on Spatial-Temporal Ability

  • Oriana Tio Parahita Nainggolan Music Department, Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta
Keywords: gendhing lancaran, spatial-temporal ability, CFIT


 The purpose of this research was to investigate the influence of the Javanese gamelan pieces, namely gendhing lancaran towards the increasing of the spatial-temporal ability. The subjects of this research consist of 60 elementary school students in the fourth grade. By using random methods, those subjects are grouped into two groups those are 30 students on the experiment group and 30 others on the control group. The subjects were assigned to one of two conditions: listening gendhing lancaran (for the experiment group) or no music (for the control group). As a spatial-temporal task, CFIT (culture fair intelligence test) was administered before and after listening gendhing lancaran. The experiment group is scored significantly higher than the non-music group on CFIT. These data support this research as the elements of sounds produced by various music instruments can give stimulus or influence spatial-temporal ability. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menginvestigasi pengaruh tetembangan gamelan Jawa, yaitu gendhing lancaran terhadap peningkatan kemampuan spasial-temporal. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 60 murid sekolah dasar di kelas empat. Dengan menggunakan metode acak, subjek-subjek tersebut dijadikan ke dalam dua kelompok, yaitu 30 dalam kelompok eksperimen dan 30 lainnya dalam kelompok pengawasan. Mereka dikaitkan dengan salah satu dari dua kondisi: mendengar gendhing lancaran (untuk kelompok eksperimen) atau tidak mendengar musik tersebut (untuk kelompok pengawasan). Sebagai tugas spasial-temporal, CFIT (culture fair intelligence test) dicatat sebelum dan sesudah mendengar gendhing lancaran. Kelompok eksperimen secara signifikan bernilai lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok pengawasan melalui CFIT. Data ini mendukung penelitian ini di mana elemen-elemen bunyi yang dihasilkan berbagai alat musik dapat memberikan stimulus atau pengaruh pada kemampuan spasial-temporal.


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