Symmetry Analysis of Double-ikat Textile Patterns: Patan Patola and Geringsing

Nyoman Dewi Pebryani

Abstract


Symmetry analysis of the patterns appearing in the Patan Patola and Geringsing textiles produced by the double ikat technique in India and Indonesia can provide information about cultural relationship between these two ethnic groups. Symmetry, which describes the motion which generates a repeated design, are categorized under classes based on the theory of symmetry group. This study used 8 textile samples: 4 Patan Patola textiles and 4 Geringsing textiles collected from an exhibition catalogue. Each sample was then examined based on the symmetry group classes using three categories: point symmetry and one-dimensional and two-dimensional classes. The results show a high similarity in these symmetry classes for the samples from these two ethnic groups, suggesting the patterns have a common connection. Patan Patola and Geringsing textile patterns admitted p111 and d4 in all samples, indicating intense interaction. Hence, this study provides additional evidence of a close relationship between the areas that produce these textiles

Keywords


symmetry; geringsing; patan patola; double-ikat

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31091/lekesan.v1i2.493

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